U.S. President Donald Trump signed a decree on the right of the United States to commercially exploit resources on the Moon and other celestial bodies. This was reported by the press service of the White House.
According to the decree, U.S. citizens must have the right to conduct commercial research, extract and use resources in outer space in accordance with applicable law.
The document notes, however, that space is a unique space for human activities, legally and physically, and the United States does not consider it to be a public domain, so its policy is to encourage international extraction and use of resources in space.
“In this regard, the Secretary of State should oppose any attempt by any other state or international organization to interpret the Moon Agreement as reflecting or in any other way expressing customary international law,” the decree states.
The Agreement on the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies was adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 1979. It states that the exploration and use of the satellite is the property of all mankind and is in the interest of the world community and that states engaged in the exploration of the Moon must cooperate and provide mutual assistance to each other.
In December 2019, the U.S. Space Force was created on behalf of Trump. The purpose of the new type of troops was named “to protect the national security interests of the United States in space”.