The area of ice in the Arctic Ocean is decreasing every year. According to the head of Roshydromet Igor Shumakov, this figure has decreased by 50% since 1980s.
The minimum ice cover for the Arctic, according to him, was observed in 2007 (4.19 million square kilometers), as well as in 2012 (3.35 million square kilometers) and 2019 (4.1 million square kilometers).
“For comparison, in 1980 the ice cover reached 7.6 million square kilometers, in 1983 – 7.28 million square kilometers”.
The expert noted that long-term ice in the Russian Arctic seas has almost completely disappeared. At the same time, according to him, the Northern Sea Route continues to be covered with thick annual ice.
In his turn, Roman Wilfand, scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center, said that traditional expeditions to the North Pole have been postponed for several years due to the lack of multi-year ice. Previously, scientists placed the base for the research station on the surface of perennial icebergs, but recently it is not possible to find suitable icebergs for this purpose.
It is noted that the cause of ice melting and cessation of its long-term formation is the increase in average annual temperature in the Arctic, which is four times faster than the average on the planet.
June 26, The New York Times reported on the consequences of the melting of glaciers in the Arctic for Russia. According to experts, the disappearance of permafrost will lead to the emission of about 240 billion tons of carbon dioxide and greenhouse effect.
Last year, scientists predicted climate chaos on Earth. According to their calculations, by 2100, melting ice will cause extreme weather conditions and temperature changes around the world.