Restrictions on exports to Russia came into effect in the United States on Monday, June 29. These include new regulations from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), which further limit potential exports of sensitive technologies to Russia, China and Venezuela.
The measures are aimed at preventing organizations in these countries from “acquiring U.S. technology that can be used to develop weapons, military aircraft, and surveillance equipment through civilian supply chains or under the pretext of civilian use. Washington, D.C., has indicated that the development is intended for “end users of military goods”.
Attempts to circumvent US export controls
“Some organizations in China, Russia and Venezuela have tried to circumvent American export controls and undermine American interests in general, so we will be vigilant to ensure that American technology does not fall into the wrong hands,” explained U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross.
The amendments were prepared back in April and posted for preliminary review in the electronic database of the Federal Register, which contains official documents of the American administration.
Washington is expanding its interpretation of “military use” products.
The new rules include, inter alia, an expansion of the interpretation of the “final military use” of goods. This category now includes technological means that can be used to create military products. This includes, in particular, semiconductor equipment and sensors. In addition, the U.S. waives a number of exemptions that had previously applied to licenses for civilian suppliers. This provision applies to those countries whose activities Washington perceives as a threat to “national security”.
As earlier became known from the draft U.S. defense budget for the next fiscal year, the U.S. Congress plans to allocate $3.8 billion to deter Russia in Europe.