The doctor of medicine told about the rules that should be followed to preserve the health of the spine.
According to him, dysfunction of this organ begins in childhood due to changes in the chemical composition of intervertebral discs which start to show a lack of water.
If degenerative processes develop in the spine by the age of 20, 2/3 of fluid remains in it, i.e. the amount recorded in children. Thus, the discs begin to wear out, leading to the development of osteochondrosis.
This process is accelerated by heredity and external factors. For example, excessive physical activity, unbalanced diet, unfavorable environmental conditions can provoke the development of the disease, the specialist explained.
According to him, the load is first on the lumbar spine and then involves the cervical spine and sometimes the thoracic spine.
If this pathology develops in the spine, it puts pressure on the nerve endings and leads to pain radiating to the extremities. In addition, the disease could lead to the formation of hernias and protrusion, the doctor warned.
However, diseases of the spine are difficult to treat, the specialist explained. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be required – for example, if a hernia presses on blood vessels, which can lead to spinal cord disorders.
Most often, however, therapy is based on the use of drugs, the expert noted. Thus, patients are traditionally prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, as well as metabolism enhancing drugs. Physical therapy, exercise therapy and massages are indispensable elements of treatment.
Your doctor advises you to monitor the health of your spine, as pathological processes in this organ affect the general state of your body. It is necessary to visit doctors regularly and have all planned medical examinations, underlined Peretsmanas.
At the same time, it is important to exercise and strengthen the muscular corset, as well as monitor the posture, the expert added.