Stereotype notions of medieval castles, which most people have, mostly do not correspond to the real situation. Real castles were quite different from those we see in the movies.
It is worth starting with the fact that not every castle is such. Today the term “castle” is used to refer to almost any large medieval structure, but in reality the castle is primarily a fortification object. Inside which there may be a variety of buildings – residential buildings, cultural and religious institutions, and so on. The famous Ludwig II Palace – Neuschwanstein – is not a castle, as it lacks defensive function.
The main condition that determines the fortification qualities of any castle – the correct location, not some features of the structure, as we can assume. Of course, the layout is also very important, but if the castle is built in the wrong place, even the thickest walls will not save its inhabitants. The classic layout of castles – steep and high hill or steep rock.
In mass culture castles are usually depicted with gloomy gray walls, but in reality, the inner walls are often painted in bright colors. Medieval people in general liked bright colors, and the inhabitants of castles, being wealthy people, added a variety of luxury elements to the bright colors. It seems to us that castles were gray and depressing only because the medieval paint has not survived to our time.