Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov has ordered to extinguish the burning gas crater Darvaz (popularly called “Gates of Hell”), located in the Dashoguz region. He gave such an order on Friday, January 7, during a government meeting, reports Turkmenportal.
According to the head of Turkmenistan, the burning of gas in the area negatively affects the environment and the health of people living nearby.
In addition, said Berdymukhamedov, the natural gas, which is consumed because of the existing crater, could be exported.
The President instructed Deputy Prime Minister Shakhim Abdrakhmanov, who supervises the fuel and energy complex, to engage scientists and, if necessary, foreign experts to find a solution to this problem.
The issue of closing the crater was first raised by the President of Turkmenistan in 2010.
The burning gas crater in the town of Darwaza, popularly called “Gates of Hell,” is located in the center of the Karakum Desert, about 260 kilometers north of Ashgabat. It is a Turkmen landmark, attracting the attention of scientists and tourists.
In 1971, Soviet geologists discovered an accumulation of natural gas in the area, and drilling a well caused a collapse – the upper layers of soil simply collapsed into an underground cave, revealing a large hole filled with gas. To avoid poisoning people and livestock with the gas, geologists decided to set it on fire, believing that with time the fire would subside. But the natural gases gushing out of the ground are still burning. The gas hole is 60 meters in diameter and about 20 meters deep.
December 16 on the island of Java in Indonesia on December 16 two eruptions of the volcano Semeru occurred one after the other. It was noted that pyroclastic flow (mixture of volcanic ash, hot gases and fragments of solid hot lava) descended from the top of the volcano to 4.5 km down its slope.