Scientists have looked at the surreal works of Salvador Dali in terms of science. Namely, they analyzed the work of the human brain, which looks at pictures of the eccentric artist. It turned out that Dali never wrote what he had in his head – all of his works are carefully designed, and help better understand how the human brain processes information, reports BBC.
Salvador Dali’s work combines images in an incredible way that only the human subconscious can draw. Everyday and familiar objects in the works of the artist combine in an unpredictable way, while being distorted. However, all of the artist’s works are strictly calibrated, and the illusions hidden in them allow each person to see something different, and even with the same associations, people still perceive his work differently.
Researchers at the University of Glasgow have tried to study the human brain while looking at the painting “Slave Market with the Disappearing Bust of Voltaire”. The painting conceals an illusion: the figures of two nuns who simultaneously resemble the bust of the 18th-century French philosopher. The interesting fact is that all people can see both images. However, someone first of all sees nuns, and only then understands that they are entered in an image of a bust. Other people, on the contrary, notice Voltaire’s bust first, and only then are able to discern the figures of the two nuns inside it.
To understand how exactly this happens in the human brain, experts tested an experiment in which volunteers were shown the picture “Slave Market with the Disappearing Bust of Voltaire” and evaluated their brain activity. It turned out that the right hemisphere processes the left side of the picture, which is transmitted to the brain through visual perception. Conversely, the right half of the picture is processed by the left hemisphere.
However, scientists have not yet been able to unravel why exactly each particular person decides that it is a philosopher or a nun in front of him. As well as the fact that some people do not see nuns in front of them, but two Dutch merchants, one of whom is bearded.