The former President of Sudan, Omar Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir, stood trial again on Tuesday, July 21, this time on charges of plotting a conspiracy in 1989, when an Islamist-backed gate led to the overthrow of the government while he himself became head of state. According to AP, dozens of people gathered near the court in Khartoum. They watched Al-Bashir, 76, who had previously been detained, being taken into the building.
There have been a number of unrelated trials against the politician. In addition, the international community is seeking to bring him before the International Criminal Court in The Hague on charges of war crimes and genocide related to the conflict in Darfur in the 2000s.
Sentenced to two years in prison
In December 2019, Al-Bashir was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment on corruption charges. Due to his advanced age, he was not sent to a prison but to a special governmental institution for elderly prisoners. Initially, he faced up to 10 years’ imprisonment.
Al-Bashir, who had ruled the Sudan autocratically for about 30 years, was deposed in April 2019. He was first placed under house arrest and then placed in a prison for particularly dangerous criminals. In August of the same year, the trial of the former Head of State began, who was charged with, inter alia, bribery, money-laundering and illegal possession of foreign currency.
The court in The Hague issued an arrest warrant against Al-Bashir.
In 2009, the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague issued an arrest warrant for Al-Bashir on suspicion of war crimes and organizing genocide in the Sudanese province of Darfur. According to the UN, 300,000 people have died there since the conflict began in 2003. The new Sudanese authorities said they would not extradite the deposed President to The Hague, but would try him in his homeland.
Abrogation of the Constitution, dissolution of the Parliament, military tribunals…
In June 1989, Omar al-Bashir led a military coup that overthrew the Sadiq al-Mahdi government. The politician led the National Salvation Revolutionary Command Council, which assumed full legislative and executive power, became Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. Following his accession to power, a state of emergency was declared in the country, the Constitution was abrogated, Parliament, Government and Government institutions were dissolved, and military tribunals were established.