The main symptoms of multiple sclerosis

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis can vary depending on which area of the brain is affected, said the Ministry of Health’s chief freelance neurologist.

According to the specialist, these may be visual disturbances with damage to the optic nerve, disorders of sensitivity, movement, balance, urination, etc. An important criterion is the fluctuation of symptoms, that is, if these phenomena have disappeared over time.

Visual disturbance is particularly suspicious, but it may recover on its own. In this case the person should consult an ophthalmologist. If the specialist says that the optic nerve is involved, then a consultation with a neurologist is required.

“The final cause of the disease is not established, they say about a possible viral etiology, vitamin D deficiency, unfavorable environmental background, chronic stress. It is the prevention of these possible factors that probably reduces the risk of developing the disease,” said the specialist.

At the same time, children and people of working age may also suffer from multiple sclerosis, noted the neurologist, adding that there is still insufficient data on the influence of coronavirus on the course of the disease.

“Patients with autoimmune diseases are at risk for a severe course of the disease, and some patients with multiple sclerosis who receive immunosuppressive therapy are at risk for infection, so all anti-epidemic measures are important to reduce the risk of infection,” the neurologist concluded.