In Egypt, archaeologists working in the Nile Delta found more than a hundred ancient tombs, the earliest of them are pre-dynastic, that is, they were created before the first pharaohs in Egypt.
The announcement of the discovery was published on the official website of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. An entire collection of 110 tombs from the Boto I and II, Nakad III, and Second Intermediate Period eras was discovered in the area of Kom Al-Helgan, Dakalia province, in the Nile Delta.
According to Mustafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, many of these burials are pre-Dynastic. This is how the period before the first pharaohs is commonly referred to.
In particular, 68 of the tombs found have been dated by archaeologists to the Boto period, which began around 3300 B.C. Another five tombs belong to its successor period Nakad III, which lasted until the first dynasty of the pharaohs of Egypt about 3100 BC.
It is reported that most of the tombs of the Botho period are rounded and oval-shaped tombs. They were found to contain the remains of people buried lying on their left sides. The bodies of infants buried in large earthen vessels were found in a number of graves.
By the way, during the excavations, archaeologists have collected a whole collection of burial earthenware vessels. These were mainly large pots with handles. In addition, faience amulets in the form of stelae and scarab amulets were found, as well as stone tools and flint knives.
The scientists note that 37 of the tombs belong to the so-called Second Intermediate Period, that is, during the time of the Hyksos, who began to migrate through Sinai to Egypt around 1800 BC.
And 31 of the tombs of that era have a regular rectangular shape, and the graves themselves were made at a shallow depth of 20 to 85 centimeters. Adults were buried in these graves. The other six tombs were children’s tombs, with small children buried in clay sarcophagi.
The archaeological mission also discovered several kilns, remnants of foundations made of mud bricks, and jewelry such as earrings made of semi-precious stones.