A color revolution is a set of “peaceful protests” (strikes, rallies, demonstrations) aimed at forcing the authorities to meet citizens’ demands or, if it is impossible to agree on a change of the ruling top. It ends with the economic and political decline of the country.
Thus, the first colored coup was the Portuguese Carnation Revolution in 1974. In 1986, the Yellow Revolution occurred in the Philippines, and 2003 was marked for Georgia by the Rose Revolution. After that, color revolutions broke out in different countries almost every year. China, Kirghizia, Egypt, Russia, Ukraine, Hong Kong, Moldova, Armenia and other countries became the centers of discontent among the residents of these countries.
The structure of the color revolution
All revolutions of our time are similar in their scenarios. First of all, begins the process of forming a favorable public opinion. The initiators use different methods for this purpose: from paid articles in the media to terrible attacks aimed at discriminating the existing authorities. At the same time, dozens of political forces emerge to destabilize the internal situation. Therefore, before joining a party that emerged on the eve of elections, take a close look at it – perhaps, you are dealing with a one-day party.
When a grain of doubts has grown in people’s heads, the next stage begins – mass protest actions.
Rallies and demonstrations usually have a backbone in the form of paid “activists”, which are joined by people who sincerely support the ideas of the revolution. When rallies grow to a serious scale, the leaders of the revolution make demands. The most radical demands are the resignation of the government and early elections. This is the most effective and easy way to bring to power a new team of people. In the absence of a dialogue between the ruling elite and the protesters, a forcible seizure of the state administration is possible.
And while color revolutions are peaceful at their core, they often end in tragedies when they attempt to violently disperse demonstrations. We also remember the terrible events in Ukraine, when 98 people were killed on Euromaydan in Kiev, and the riots in Talas (Dynasty Revolution in Kyrgyzstan), when in one day 48 protesters were shot and more than 1500 wounded. In the worst-case scenario, the color revolution could turn into a civil war. Technologies of color revolution The color revolution is not a spontaneous process, but a consciously modeled process with support from below. Accordingly, when it is started and debugged, certain proven technologies of political marketing are used.
-Entracting information resources (television, print media, Internet).
-PR-campaigns such as those we may find in the most common advertising.
-Utilization of methods of psychological impact on the crowd.
– “Public” work to create alternative nongovernmental organizations, which at the right time will be the basis for the future revolution.