Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has been studied by modern science up and down, but still remains one of the most mysterious places on Earth. Who created the majestic stone statues, which are full on the island? Where did the civilization that once inhabited the island go? The answers to these and other questions are in a special material.
It is assumed that Easter Island was inhabited by people already at the end of the first millennium A.D. – this is indicated by the fragments of burnt wood found on Rapa Nui related to that period. The island could have been developed earlier, but this still needs to be confirmed. We can only say for sure that people lived on Rapa Nui in 1200 AD.
Where did the people who settled on the island come from is a debatable question. East Polynesia or South America? Scientists say that the resettlers anyway had to overcome a considerable distance, because Easter Island is a very remote place, located thousands of kilometers from the nearest large land.
The most important attraction of the island is the impressive stone statues of Moai. In six centuries, the inhabitants of Rapa Nui created about eight hundred moai – almost two and a half hundred installed on stone platforms in the coastal part of the island, and more than four hundred were not completed. There is one giant statue – a huge 21-meter 200-ton sculpture. How could the natives, of whom there were no more than three thousand by the time the Europeans arrived on the island, build many huge statues? Scientists put forward different hypotheses on this issue – according to one of them, once upon a time there was an ancient developed civilization on the island, from which only the Moai remained.