Efforts are underway to “revive” a female skull discovered in 1989 during archaeological excavations at the Asikli Mound in the central Anatolian province of Aksaray, Turkey. It is believed to have been the first known case of brain surgery.
As scientists explain, it was the skull of a woman about 25 years old she lived for about 10 days after this complex procedure. The Ashikli Kurgan, which is about 10,400 years old, is located 1 km south of the village of Kyzylkaya and 25 kilometers southeast of the town of Aksaray. It is recognized as the earliest settlement in the region. The Kurgan has already yielded many historical discoveries. For example, it has been established that the earliest agricultural experiments were conducted here, as well as the domestication of sheep and goats.
The skull in question is evidence of the first brain surgery, and is therefore of great historical significance. It is now on display in the Aksaray Museum. The examination of the skull showed that the holes in it were the result of a very careful operation using obsidian drills. The cells of the skull had regenerated afterwards. This means that the woman lived for some time after the operation, though not for a long time.